Categorization
 

National Monuments Authority has been mandated to categorize all the protected monuments and protected areas declared as of National importance as per provision of Section 20 I of ‘The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010' and the procedure has been envisaged in NMA Rules 4-A (1) (2) notified in August 2011, which are reproduced below.

With increase of urbanization, development, growth and increasing population pressure, there is growing pressure on land including the land around centrally protected monuments. As this often affects the monument/site adversely it is important that such growth around the centrally protected monuments is properly regulated, balancing the needs of individuals and growth and development on the one hand and the requirements of preservation and protection of these monuments on the other.

"4A (1) The Central Government shall, on the recommendation of the Authority, prescribe categories in respect of ancient monuments or archaeological sites and remains declared as of national importance under Section 3 and 4, and while prescribing such categories it shall have regard to the historic, archaeological and architectural value and such other factors as may be relevant for the purpose of such categorisation.

(2) The Central Government shall, on the recommendation of the Authority, classify all the ancient monuments or archaeological sites and remains declared as of national importance under section 3 and 4, in accordance with the categories prescribed under subsection (1) and thereafter make the same available to the public and exhibit the same on its website and also in such other manner as may deem fit."

Para 20I of the Act ibid relating to the Functions and powers of National Monument Authority inter alia provides that:-

"(1) The Authority shall exercise or discharge the following powers or functions, namely:-

•Make recommendations to the Central Government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas declared as of national importance under section 3 and 4, before the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010 as of national importance under section 4."

•Make recommendations to the Central government for grading and classifying protected monuments and protected areas which may be declared after the commencement of the Ancient Monuments and archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2010, as of national importance under section 4."

National Monuments Authority has processed categorisation of 915 centrally protected monuments of Bhopal, Chandigarh, Delhi, Kolkata and Vadodara circle after obtaining information from concerned circles of ASI and a series of meetings and deliberations and the same are under consideration for issue of notification.

Click Here for Categorization >>